Be warned: your health data is at risk of being breached! The significance of healthcare cyber security just can’t be over-emphasized.
We want to give you the know-how to protect yourself from ever-changing cyber threats. In this blog, you will get tips on how to identify and handle risks, and also how to craft best practices.
This way, you’ll be able to secure your personal health info and avoid identity theft.
Introduction to Healthcare Cyber Security
Healthcare cyber security is the practice of protecting health data, devices, and networks from digital attacks and malicious activities. As medical data becomes increasingly digitized, organizations must be proactive in implementing robust security measures to protect patients’ information.
HIT professionals must understand network architecture, authentication protocols, access controls, integrity checking tools, and incident response strategies. They must also stay up-to-date on cyber threats such as phishing emails, ransomware, viruses, DDoS attacks, zero day exploits, and other forms of malware.
Organizations must identify hackers’ motives by recognizing vulnerabilities that can be exploited. HIT professionals must develop comprehensive strategies for protection, minimize downtime during emergencies, train staff on policies, deploy threat management solutions, review credentials, test existing defenses, enhance physical protections, and review global threats.
They must also manage confidential information assets, apply advanced processing and analytics, attend advanced conferences, become certified, manage intellectual property protection, and participate in consortiums. IT professionals with an emphasis on healthcare can provide valuable insights, make informed decisions, improve error prevention, and design talent welfare compensation packages.
Potential Threats to Healthcare Cyber Security
Healthcare orgs must be aware of cyber security threats and create solutions to protect patient data and EHR systems. Malware attacks, phishing/social engineering, insider threats, data theft/hacking and DoS attacks are common.
Malware is malicious software which can be used to get access to sensitive data. Phishing schemes use email/website impersonation to steal info. Insider threats are individuals with access who misuse it. Data theft/hacking is when hackers gain access to steal PHI. DoS attacks overload systems with requests, making them unaccessible. This can have dire consequences for care delivery.
Impact of Cyber Security Breaches in Healthcare
Healthcare orgs face great pressure to secure data and protect against cyber breaches. With telemedicine, mobile health apps, and internet-connected devices allowing patient access to records, the challenge is even bigger.
A cyber-attack or breach can be devastating for orgs, resulting in business interruption, lost revenue and damaged reputations. Plus, inappropriate access to patient information can lead to financial loss from identity theft or fraud. So, healthcare orgs must be proactive in protecting their systems, networks, and patients’ personal health info.
User errors, such as unsecure passwords, open Wi-Fi connections and clicking malicious links, often cause cyber breaches. Research by Trend Micro in 2018 found that 34% of healthcare pros had received phishing emails in the previous year, and healthcare was the 4th most-targeted industry.
It’s essential for healthcare orgs to have strong cybersecurity measures in place to prevent user errors from putting confidential info at risk. These measures should include: secure passwords; network encryptions; admin privilege controls; identity checks; anti-malware systems; software patches; staff training on cyber security best practices and policies; data backups; and regular monitoring for risks or vulnerabilities. This will help mitigate losses from a breach and keep patient info secure.
Best Practices for Healthcare Cyber Security
The usage of digital medical devices and info systems has risen exponentially, increasing data security threats. To protect systems and data, healthcare orgs must take appropriate measures. Best practices include:
1. Update operating systems and apps with security patches: Outdated software is vulnerable, so regular updates protect from hacking.
2. Set strong passwords: Passwords should be long, containing numbers and symbols. All staff should use unique passwords for each system.
3. Scan for vulnerabilities and do penetration tests: Vulnerability scans detect, document and address security issues. Penetration tests check technical controls used to protect networks from external attackers.
4. Implement role-based access control: This limits user access based on job role/function. All user activity is logged and tracked.
5. Train staff on cyber security awareness: Staff must be taught how to identify phishing attempts and social engineering attacks.
Regulatory Requirements for Healthcare Cyber Security
Healthcare orgs must deploy up-to-date cyber security measures due to ever-evolving cyber threats. Patient info is especially sensitive, so they are responsible for data security and privacy.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) mandates data security to protect patient privacy from loss, unauthorized access, modification, and destruction. The HIPAA Security Rule includes administrative, physical, and technical safeguards.
Administrative safeguards include unique identifiers for individuals with access, password protection, encryption/decryption tech, acceptable use policy, monitoring compliance, change control, disaster recovery, and an incident response plan.
Physical safeguards cover facility access control and protecting records in storage. Technical safeguards include firewalls, IDS, antivirus, and monitoring tools. Healthcare technology must be regularly updated with security patches.
By adhering to strict regulatory requirements for cyber security and patient privacy, healthcare organizations can help ensure their electronic health records stay secure.
Technologies Used for Healthcare Cyber Security
Healthcare organizations are turning to technology for their protection. Cyber security tech is key to detect, protect and respond to threats. A combo of tech gives more comprehensive protection and reduces regulatory costs.
Common cyber security tech includes:
- Firewalls: Boundary between protected network and internet. Limits access to unauthorized parties.
- Intrusion prevention systems (IPS): Monitors traffic for malicious activity and vulnerabilities. Compares against attack patterns. Blocks malicious traffic.
- Endpoint protection: Installed on PCs, laptops and mobiles. Monitors activities for suspicious behaviour.
- Data Loss Prevention (DLP): Scans systems for regulated info, like patient records. Prevents data breaches due to careless or malicious behaviour.
- Security Information Event Management (SIEM): Monitors all events in real-time. Helps detect malicious activity and take action.
Challenges in Implementing Healthcare Cyber Security
Cyber security for healthcare can be tricky. It includes outdated systems, inadequate security protocols, and lack of training. Plus, there is a lot of reliance on tech for patient info storage, sending, and retrieving data.
HIPAA laws must be followed for protecting patient data. Cyber security for healthcare needs to focus on 4 key principles: device security, access control & authentication, data security, and maintenance.
Device Security: Healthcare orgs must protect their IT infra from malware. Regularly patch software and hardware apps. New devices must have software tools guarding against malicious actors.
Access Control & Authentication: Use two-factor authentication for networks, giving only authorised users access. Assign different levels of permission for employee roles.
Data Security: Maintain strict data integrity standards. Monitor system activity for suspicious activity or unauthorized changes. Encrypt data when transferring or storing patient info.
Maintenance: Periodic auditing to maintain cyber security. Patch software promptly. Update policies with changes in legislation/regulation. Educate staff on policies.
Future of Healthcare Cyber Security
Digital healthcare demands strong cyber security. Leveraging the latest tech, such as machine learning, artificial intelligence and blockchain, healthcare providers can build a strategy ready to face changing risks.
Authentication with biometrics, predictive analytics, real-time monitoring, and AI-driven responses must be integrated into IT infrastructure. Blockchain technology also adds an immutable timeline for security events and breaches.
Training employees in creating secure passwords, avoiding suspicious emails, downloading updates, and using caution on public Wi-Fi networks is essential. These measures will reduce risk as data sharing grows in the industry.
In the future, we can expect improved cyber security protocols to protect against potential threats.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1: What is healthcare cyber security?
A1: Healthcare cyber security is the protection of patient information, electronic health records, and other healthcare-related data from malicious attacks, unauthorized access, and other cyber threats. It is an important part of overall healthcare security.
Q2: What are the main cyber security threats in healthcare?
A2: The main cyber security threats in healthcare include unauthorized access, malware and ransomware attacks, phishing attacks, data breaches, and insider threats.
Q3: What are the best practices for healthcare cyber security?
A3: The best practices for healthcare cyber security include creating a comprehensive security policy, implementing strong authentication protocols, encrypting data, conducting regular security assessments, and training staff on security awareness.